The first of these elements is the filtration system consisting of a mechanical skimmer filter and biological waterfall filter. The skimmer will not only pre-filter the water and house the pump; it will also skim debris from the water’s surface to prevent the accumulation of debris on the ponds bottom. The waterfall box provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and remove excess nutrients from the water thereby keeping your pond clean and clear.
Rocks and gravel serve to protect the pond liner from UV light degradation. They also provide additional surface area for bacteria to colonize and break down excess nutrients. This also provides a major aesthetic benefit making your pond look very natural.
The pump creates a recirculation system that keeps the water moving, draws the debris and leaves into the skimmer, and keeps the waterfall fed with a constant supply of fresh water.
Fish are an integral part of the pond eco-system. Fish are often seen as high maintenance but this is a misconception. Fish actually reduce pond maintenance as they graze and eat string algae and bottom feed on the ponds bottom.
Aquatic plants are Mother Nature’s true filters, removing nutrients in the water and depriving algae of their food source.